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Optimum tuning of Unified Power Flow Controller via Ant Colony Optimization technique

By: Hamid, Z.; Khalil, M.R.; Othman, M.M.; Musirin, I.;

2010 / IEEE / 978-1-4244-7128-7


This item was taken from the IEEE Conference ' Optimum tuning of Unified Power Flow Controller via Ant Colony Optimization technique ' Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC) is a Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System (FACTS) device that can control the power flow in transmission lines by injecting active and reactive voltage components in series with the lines using power converter modules, based on an externally dc-link voltage. As the power flow has been controlled, this device is capable of minimizing the overall system losses and simultaneously improves the voltage stability. To be able effectively control the power flow so that losses and voltage stability are at optimum level, UPFC parameters need to be tuned by using optimization algorithm. This paper describes how Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) technique can be used to tune the parameters of FACTS device in order to improve power system performance. ACO is a new cooperative agent's approach, which is inspired by the observation of the behaviours of real ant colonies on the topics of ant trial formation and foraging method. The algorithm is implemented in MATLAB applied to the IEEE-30 Bus Reliability Test System (RTS). The results obtained from the study revealed that the proposed technique gave promising results.