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Incorporating pulse-to-pulse motion effects into side-looking array radar models

By: Buckreis, J.T.; Temple, M.A.; Hale, T.B.; Green, J.W.;

2006 / IEEE / 1-4244-0308-1

Description

This item was taken from the IEEE Conference ' Incorporating pulse-to-pulse motion effects into side-looking array radar models ' A technique is presented for incorporating pulse-to-pulse (inter-pulse) motion effects into side-looking array radar data models yielding a motion-sensitive space-time snapshot. Low flying, highly-maneuverable unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) represent a potential worst case application scenario given their roll, yaw, and pitch rates are primarily limited by structural integrity. High degrees of maneuverability during the coherent processing interval (CPI) allow clutter and target returns to change significantly. The technique presented uses M coordinate transformations to describe platform attitude variations throughout the CPI. Ward's model then is extended to incorporate maneuver-induced changes in spatial frequency and Doppler. The new motion-sensitive space-time snapshot is used to characterize space time adaptive processing (STAP) performance without motion-compensation applied. Results clearly show motion-induced clutter-null broadening with measurable degradation of STAP algorithm minimal discernable velocity.