Your Search Results

Use this resource - and many more! - in your textbook!

AcademicPub holds over eight million pieces of educational content for you to mix-and-match your way.

Experience the freedom of customizing your course pack with AcademicPub!
Not an educator but still interested in using this content? No problem! Visit our provider's page to contact the publisher and get permission directly.

A minimal dual-core speculative multi-threading architecture

By: Akkary, H.; Srinivasan, S.T.; Lai, K.; Holman, T.;

2004 / IEEE / 0-7695-2231-9


This item was taken from the IEEE Conference ' A minimal dual-core speculative multi-threading architecture ' Speculative multi-threading (SpMT) can improve single-threaded application performance using the multiple thread contexts available in current processors. We propose a minimal SpMT model that uses only two thread contexts. The model achieves significant speedups for single-threaded applications using a low-overhead scheme for detecting and selectively recovering from data dependence violations, and a novel wrong path predictor to reduce the number of speculative threads executing along the wrong path. We also study the interactions between three previously proposed SpMT thread spawning policies that can be implemented dynamically in hardware - Fork on Call, Loop Continuation and Run Ahead policies - and show it is beneficial to implement all three policies together in a processor. While the individual thread spawning policies show performance benefits of 14%, 5% and 4% respectively on our SpMT model over a base processor that does not exploit SpMT, combining all three policies shows an average performance gain of 20%. Finally, we identify the sources of SpMT benefits - on average, 58% of the performance benefits due to SpMT comes from cache prefetching, 33% from instruction reuse, and 9% from branch precomputation and show all three sources of SpMT benefits must be utilized to realize the full potential of SpMT.