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Multi-user spatial diversity in a shadow-fading environment

By: Kaveh, M.; Anghel, P.; Emamian, V.;

2002 / IEEE / 0-7803-7467-3

Description

This item was taken from the IEEE Conference ' Multi-user spatial diversity in a shadow-fading environment ' In a wireless network, communication between a source and a destination mobile station (DMS) fails to establish if the source or the DMS is located inside a deep shadow-fading region. In this situation, intermediate mobile stations may be used to relay the signal between the two nodes. In a cellular system the source is a base station (BS) and the DMS is a weak mobile station (MS) while in an ad-hoc network, the source and the DMS are two nodes of the network. In this paper we study the scheme of ""multi-user spatial diversity"" as a new method of diversity to combat the undesired shadow-fade situation. We study the case where one or several mobile stations (MSs) relay the signal between the source and the DMS, in a shadow-fading environment. We derive a formula for the average outage probability of the received signal to noise ratio at the DMS, when M intermediate MSs relay the signal from the source to the DMS according to a particular protocol. The outage probability improves as the number of the relays increases.