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The impact of viewing geometry on vision through the atmosphere

By: Slater, D.; Healey, G.; Pei-Hsiu Suen;

2001 / IEEE / 0-7695-1143-0


This item was taken from the IEEE Conference ' The impact of viewing geometry on vision through the atmosphere ' An increase in the off-nadir viewing angle for an airborne visible/near-infrared through short-wave infrared (VNIR/SWIR) imaging spectrometer leads to a decrease in upward atmospheric transmittance and an increase in line-of-sight scattered path radiance. These effects combine to reduce the spectral contrast between different materials in the sensed signal. We analyze the impact of viewing angle on material discriminability for 237 materials over a wide range of conditions. Material discriminability is quantified using a statistical algorithm that employs a subspace model to represent the set of spectra for a material as conditions vary. We show that reliable material discrimination is possible over a range of conditions even for large off-nadir viewing angles. We illustrate the performance of material identification over different viewing angles using simulated forest hyperspectral images.