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Development of long-lifetime cold cathodes

By: Zagulov, F.Ya.; Mesyats, G.A.; Rostov, V.V.; Polevin, S.D.; Landl, V.F.; Bykov, N.M.; Kutenkov, O.P.; Korovin, S.D.; Gunin, A.V.; Gubanov, V.P.;

1995 / IEEE / 0-7803-2791-8


This item was taken from the IEEE Periodical ' Development of long-lifetime cold cathodes ' The paper presents the results of an experimental study of the cold cathodes used in the Sinus-type repetitive high-current accelerators. The accelerating voltage for this accelerator is on a level of 100-1000 keV, the electron beam current is 1-10 kA, the pulse duration is 10-40 ns, and the pulse repetition rate is up to 200 pps. The emissive properties of the cathodes were investigated for both planar and coaxial magnetically insulated vacuum diodes. To produce high-current electron beams in coaxial diodes, a strong magnetic field of strength up to 30 kOe created by a superconducting solenoid was used. Investigated in the experiment were explosive-emission cold cathodes of varied geometry made of various materials such as copper, steel, stainless steel, bronze, graphite, and carbon-graphite cloth as well as metal-dielectric cathodes depending for their operation on an incomplete electrical discharge over the dielectric surface. The longest lifetime has been attained for a metal-dielectric cathode in a planar vacuum diode; it is over 10/sup 8/ shots. The cathode provided the current density at the anode 20-25 A/cm/sup 2/ for the accelerating voltage 600 kV, pulse duration 20 ns, and pulse repetition rate up to 200 pps.