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Two dimensional LOCA analysis for fusion reactors

By: Gohar, Y.; Attaya, H.;

1989 / IEEE

Description

This item was taken from the IEEE Periodical ' Two dimensional LOCA analysis for fusion reactors ' The results of a two-dimensional loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) analysis for the inboard shield of a US design proposed for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) are reported. The finite-element heat transfer code TOPAZ2D has been used to model the inboard shield. It is assumed that the plasma continues to operate for 10 s after the onset of the LOCA. During this time, the heat source consists of the heat flux on the first wall (FW) tiles, the nuclear heating, and the radioactive decay heat. After the first 10 s, the decay heat becomes the only heat source. The magnets are assumed to be intact during and after the accident, and heat is radiated from the shield to the magnet's thermal shield, which is at 70K. The temperature response of the shield has been calculated up to 12.8 after the LOCA starts. The results show that the temperature everywhere in the shield is tolerable. The maximum temperature of the back of the shield, which is made of lead, reaches 41 degrees C at the end of the 10-s plasma-on period. The maximum temperature of the first wall reaches 520 degrees C at 7.5 h after shutdown and then decreases slowly.<>