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High butt-coupling efficiency to single-mode fibers using a 1.55-�m InGaAsP laser integrated with a tapered ridge mode transformer

By: Bartolo, R.E.; Saini, S.S.; Vusirikala, V.; Stone, D.; Johnson, F.G.; Dagenais, M.; Agarwala, S.; Whaley, R.;

1997 / IEEE

Description

This item was taken from the IEEE Periodical ' High butt-coupling efficiency to single-mode fibers using a 1.55-�m InGaAsP laser integrated with a tapered ridge mode transformer ' We demonstrate a tapered ridge mode expanded laser with reduced far-field divergence angles (9.5/spl deg//spl times/22/spl deg/) and improved coupling to cleaved single-mode fibers (SMF) (3.7-dB coupling loss). This device was grown in a single epitaxial growth and was processed using conventional fabrication techniques, thus making it very attractive for low-cost manufacturing. This scheme also represents a general method by which active gain regions can be introduced into passive optical devices like beam splitters and combiners.