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WDM coding for high-capacity lightwave systems

By: Ming-Seng Kao; Shou-Kuo Shao;

1994 / IEEE


This item was taken from the IEEE Periodical ' WDM coding for high-capacity lightwave systems ' An interchannel parallel coding scheme in the wavelength domain/spl minus/the WDM coding system/spl minus/is proposed. The system differs from the usual serial coding systems and provides many advantages. First, data channels are completely unaltered in the coding process, rendering it very suitable for practical lightwave systems with standard bit rate. Second, parallel encoding/decoding systems are simpler than those of serial coding systems, being easier to be implemented in high-speed optical systems. Third, compared with serial coding, WDM coding is able to reduce heavily the number of encoding/decoding pairs. For example, a (15, 11) Hamming coded WDM system reduces the number from 12/spl times/11=132 to 1 at the line rate of STS-12. Fourth, the WDM coding system could offer infinite coding gain in dispersion-limited lightwave systems. Finally, WDM coding systems could correct single-channel burst error. The system performance was evaluated and the system limitation imposed by bit-skew among wavelength channels was analyzed. The results indicated that a 15-channel Hamming coded WDM system can reduce the uncoded BER from 10/sup /spl minus/9/ to 3/spl times/10/sup /spl minus/17/ and the distance limitation imposed by bit-skew is 250 km if a dispersion-shifted fiber is used and a channel span of 30 nm is assumed.<>