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Generation of Standard EM Fields Using TEM Transmission Cells

By: Crawford, M.L.;

1974 / IEEE


This item was taken from the IEEE Periodical ' Generation of Standard EM Fields Using TEM Transmission Cells ' A new technique developed at the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) for establishing standard, uniform, electromagnetic (EM) fields in a shielded environment is described. The technique employs transverse electromagnetic (TEM) transmission cells that operate as 50 ¿ impedance-matched systems. A uniform TEM field is established inside a cell at any frequency of interestbelow that for which higher order modes begin to propagate. Standard field strength levels from 10 ¿V/m to 500 V/m can be established with uncertainties of less than 1.0 dB to 2.0 dB inside the NBS cells for frequencies from dc to 500 MHz. The cells are especially useful for calibrating EM radiation hazard meters, for emission and susceptibility testing of small to medium sized equipment, and for special low level calibration of very sensitive field strength meters.