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Revisiting optimal power control: Dual effects of SNR and contention

By: Jing Deng; Mingyan Liu; Yang Liu;

2014 / IEEE


This item from - IEEE Conference - 2014 12th International Symposium on Modeling and Optimization in Mobile, Ad Hoc, and Wireless Networks (WiOpt) - In this paper we study a transmission power-tune/control problem in the context of 802.11 Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) with multiple (and possibly densely deployed) access points (APs). Previous studies on power control tend to focus on one aspect of the control, either its effect on transmission capacity (PHY layer) assuming simultaneous transmissions, or its effect on contention order (MAC layer) by maximizing spatial reuse. We observe that power control has a dual effect: it affects both spatial reuse and capacity of active transmission; moreover, maximizing the two separately is not always aligned in maximizing system throughput and can even point in opposite directions. In this paper we introduce an optimization formulation that takes into account this dual effect, by measuring the impact of transmit power on system performance from both PHY and MAC layers. We show that such an optimization problem is intractable and develop an analytical framework to construct simple yet efficient solutions. Through numerical results, we observe clear benefits of this dual-effect model compared to solutions by trying to maximize spatial reuse and transmission capacity separately. This problem does not invoke cross-layer design, as the only degree of freedom in design resides with transmission power. It however highlights the complexity in tuning certain design parameters, as the change may manifest itself differently at different layers which may be at odds.