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Simulation and Experiment of a Ku-Band Gyro-TWT

By: Luo, Y.; Wang, J.; Wang, H.; Deng, X.; Pu, Y.; Yan, R.; Xu, Y.;

2014 / IEEE


This item from - IEEE Transaction - Components, Circuits, Devices and Systems - Design techniques and experimental results are presented on a Ku-band TE11 mode gyro-traveling wave tube. The hot test of this amplifier gives more than 153-kW output power, 2.3-GHz bandwidth (14%), 41-dB saturated gain, and 20% efficiency driven by a 63 kV, 12-A electron beam with a pitch angle ( vt vz) of 1.2, and velocity spread of 5%. A linear polarized TE11 mode input coupler is used to introduce the input power. The stability of the amplifier from oscillation, including both the operating TE11 mode and the backward wave TE21 mode, has been investigated with linear codes, nonlinear self-consistent theory, and 3-D PIC CHIPIC simulation. To suppress the potential gyro-backward wave oscillator interactions, the high frequency circuit is loaded with lossy ceramic rings. The lossy structure is optimized by nonlinear theory and 3-D PIC simulation. A low velocity spread magnetron injection gun is designed with a new structure.