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Rapid Response to Volcanic Eruptions with an Autonomous Sensor Web: The Nyamulagira Eruption of 2006

By: Mandl, D.; Komorowski, J.-C.; Kyle, P.; Wright, R.; Mandrake, L.; Frye, S.; Chien, S.; Castao, R.; Davies, A.G.; Tran, D.;

2008 / IEEE / 978-1-4244-1487-1

Description

This item was taken from the IEEE Conference ' Rapid Response to Volcanic Eruptions with an Autonomous Sensor Web: The Nyamulagira Eruption of 2006 ' Rapid response to alerts of impending or active volcanism is vital in the assessment of volcanic risk and hazard. The JPL Model-Driven Volcano Sensor Web (MSW) demonstrated such an autonomous response during a volcanic crisis at Nyamulagira volcano, D. R. Congo, in December 2006, quickly providing vital information to volcanologists in the field. The MSW was developed to enable fast science-driven asset command and control. Alerts of volcanic activity from around the world are used to trigger high resolution observations (both spectral and spatial) by the EO-1 spacecraft. Data are processed onboard EO-1 by advanced software (the Autonomous Sciencecraft Experiment [ASE]). If volcanic thermal emission is detected, ASE retasks EO-1 to obtain more data. A summary of the observation is returned within two hours of data acquisition.