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Optimum electron bunch creation in a photoinjector using space-charge expansion

By: Boscolo, M.; Catani, L.; Musumeci, P.; Bellaveglia, M.; England, R.J.; Dunning, M.; Cook, A.M.; Rosenzweig, J.B.; Jones, S.; Vicario, C.; Palumbo, L.; Gatti, G.; Filippetto, D.; Ferrario, M.; Di Pirro, G.; Cianchi, A.;

2007 / IEEE / 978-1-4244-0916-7


This item was taken from the IEEE Conference ' Optimum electron bunch creation in a photoinjector using space-charge expansion ' Recent studies have shown that by illuminating a photocathode with an ultra-short laser pulse of appropriate transverse profile, a uniform density, ellipsoidally shaped electron bunch can be dynamically formed. Linear space charge fields then exist in all dimensions inside of the bunch, which minimizes emittance growth. Here we study this process, and its marriage to the standard emittance compensation scenario that is implemented in most modern photoinjectors. We show that the two processes are compatible, with simulations indicating that a very high bright ness beam can be obtained. An initial time-resolved experiment has been performed at the SPARC injector in Frascati, involving Cerenkov radiation produced at an aerogel. We discuss the results of this preliminary experiment, as well as plans for future experiments at the UCLA Pegasus laboratory to resolve the ellipsoidal bunch shape at low energy. Future measurements at high energy based on fs resolution RF sweepers are discussed.