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An iterative algorithm for computing eigencurrent of forward model of simplified mammography geometry for electrical impedance tomography

By: Choi, M.H.;

2007 / IEEE / 978-89-950038-6-2

Description

This item was taken from the IEEE Conference ' An iterative algorithm for computing eigencurrent of forward model of simplified mammography geometry for electrical impedance tomography ' Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a technique for determining the electrical conductivity and permittivity distribution within the interior of a body from measurements made on its surface. One recent application area of the EIT is the detection of breast cancer by imaging the conductivity and permittivity distribution inside the breast. The present standard for breast cancer detection is X-ray mammography, and it is desirable that EIT and X-ray mammography use the same geometry. A forward model of a simplified mammography geometry for EIT imaging was proposed earlier. In this paper, we propose an iterative algorithm for computing the current pattern that will be applied to the electrodes. The current pattern applied to the electrodes influences the voltages measured on the electrodes. Since the measured voltage data is going to be used in the impedance imaging computation, it is desirable to apply currents that result in the largest possible voltage signal. We compute the eigenfunctions for a homogenous medium that will be applied as current patterns to the electrodes. The algorithm for the computation of the eigenfunctions is presented. The convergence of the algorithm is shown by computing the eigencurrent of the simplified mammography geometry.