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Analysis of slice emittance measurements for the SLAC Gun Test Facility

By: Dowell, D.H.; Schmerge, J.F.; Murphy, B.F.; Limborg, C.G.; Gierman, S.M.; Clendenin, J.E.; Bolton, P.R.;

2003 / IEEE / 0-7803-7738-9


This item was taken from the IEEE Conference ' Analysis of slice emittance measurements for the SLAC Gun Test Facility ' The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) at SLAC requires the rf photo-injector to produce a beam with a normalized, projected emittance of 1 micron in a 10 ps long bunch with a charge of 1 nC. In addition, a small longitudinal emittance is needed to attain the desired 3 kiloamperes peak current after compression in two chicane bunchers. To achieve this excellent beam quality, we are performing systematic studies of both the transverse and longitudinal beam properties from the rf photocathode gun at the SLAC Gun Test Facility (GTF). Time resolved emittances (slice) are determined by using a bunch with a linear energy chirp which is dispersed by a magnetic spectrometer. By varying the strength of a quadrupole lens upstream of the spectrometer allows measurement of the individual slice emittances. Spectrometer images at the various quadrupole settings are binned in small energy/time windows and analyzed for the slice parameters. Our measurements indicate a temporal resolution of approximately 100 femtoseconds. In addition, the longitudinal phase space distribution is determined by measuring the energy spectrum over a range of linac phases. The correlated and uncorrelated components of the phase space distribution are determined by fits to the energy spectra analogous to a quad scan in the transverse dimension. The combined analysis of the transverse and longitudinal data gives not only the slice and longitudinal emittances, but also any correlations due to wakefields or other effects.