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The effects of microphones and facemasks on LPC vocoder performance

By: Singer, E.;

1981 / IEEE


This item was taken from the IEEE Periodical ' The effects of microphones and facemasks on LPC vocoder performance ' The effects of oxygen facemasks and noise cancelling microphones on LPC vocoder performance were analyzed and evaluated. Likely sources of potential vocoder performance degradation included the non-ideal frequency response characteristics of the microphone and the possible presence of additional resonances in the speech waveform due to the addition of the facemask cavity. Examination of vowel spectra revealed that spurious resonances do not occur in the vocoder frequency band for speech generated using the facemask and microphone. Also observed was a vowel-dependent reduction in the bandwidths of the upper formants, a result which can be predicted from acoustic theory. Finally, it is shown that the low frequency emphasis associated with small enclosures is not relevant when using a pressure gradient (noise cancelling) microphone. Diagnostic Rhyme Tests involving three subjects indicated that the presence of the oxygen facemask and noise cancelling microphone did not result in a significant increase in the LPC vocoder processing loss.