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Design and Numerical Optimization of a Cusp-Gun-Based Electron Beam for Millimeter-Wave Gyro-Devices

By: Young, A.R.; Cross, A.W.; Wenlong He; Donaldson, C.R.; Liang Zhang; Phelps, A.D.R.; Whyte, C.G.; Robertson, C.W.; Ronald, K.; Fengping Li;

2009 / IEEE

Description

This item was taken from the IEEE Periodical ' Design and Numerical Optimization of a Cusp-Gun-Based Electron Beam for Millimeter-Wave Gyro-Devices ' A novel thermionic cusp electron gun operating in the temperature-limited regime that produces a large-orbit electron beam through a nonadiabatic magnetic-field reversal was designed, analyzed, and optimized to give an electron-beam ideal for driving gyro-devices, particularly in the millimeter-to-submillimeter-wavelength range due to its small cross-sectional size. The annular-shaped axis-encircling electron beam had a beam current of 1.5 A at an acceleration potential of 40 kV, a tunable velocity ratio alpha (= vperp/vz) between one and three, an optimized axial velocity spread A.vx/vz of ~8%, and a relative alpha spread Deltakappa/alpha of ~10% at an alpha value of 1.65.