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# Effect of $\hbox{F}_{2}$ Postmetallization Annealing on the Electrical and Reliability Characteristics of HfSiO Gate Dielectric

## By: Man Chang; Minseok Jo; Hokyung Park; Hyunsang Hwang; Byoung Hun Lee; Rino Choi;

2007 / IEEE

### Description

This item was taken from the IEEE Periodical ' Effect of $\hbox{F}_{2}$ Postmetallization Annealing on the Electrical and Reliability Characteristics of HfSiO Gate Dielectric ' The effects of fluorine (F2) annealing on the electrical and reliability characteristics of HfSiO MOSFETs were investigated. Compared with a control sample annealed in conventional forming gas (H2/N2=4%/96%), additional annealing in a fluorine ambient (F2/Ar=0.3%/99.7%) at 400 degC for 20 min improved the electrical characteristics such as lower interface trap density and higher transconductance. In addition, MOSFET samples annealed in a F2 ambient exhibited less degradation under hot-carrier stress and positive bias temperature stress. These improvements can be explained by fluorine incorporation at the high-k/Si interface, which was confirmed by an X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis