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Sexual Revolution & Sexual Counterrevolution -- Research Starters Sociology

By: Sprague, Carolyn;

2009 / EBSCO


Social scientists continue to debate when and how the sexual revolution began. Certainly one of the pivotal events of the twentieth century was the development of oral contraceptives. The Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill, or simply "The Pill," gave women the ability to control their reproduction systems for the first time ever, and is often credited with ushering in an era of sexual inhibition. However, current research now reveals that American society's attitudes about sex had been changing for decades. The work of Alfred Kinsey in the 1940s and 1950s revealed that sexual freedom and non-normative sexual behavior were actually quite prevalent in the 20 years before the 1960s. However, some believe that the liberal sexual practices of the 1960s and 70s have exacted a cost on society and contributed to the spread of STDs and AIDS. As a result, a sexual counter revolution began during the 1980s.