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Three-dimensional reconstruction of the left ventricle from two angiographic views: an evidence combination approach

By: Jugo, D.; Coatrieux, J.-L.; Toro, J.; Garreau, M.; Medina, R.;

2004 / IEEE

Description

This item was taken from the IEEE Periodical ' Three-dimensional reconstruction of the left ventricle from two angiographic views: an evidence combination approach ' Clinical interventional hemodynamic studies quantify the ventricular function from two-dimensional (2-D) X-ray projection images without having enough information of the actual three-dimensional (3-D) shape of this cardiac cavity. This paper reports a left ventricle 3-D reconstruction method from two orthogonal angiographic projections. This investigation is motivated by the lack of information about the actual 3-D shape of the cardiac cavity. The proposed algorithm works in 3-D space and considers the oblique projection geometry associated with the biplane image acquisition equipment. The reconstruction process starts by performing an approximate reconstruction based on the Cylindrical Closure Operation and the Dempster-Shafer theory. This approximate reconstruction is appropriately deformed in order to match the given projections. The deformation procedure is carried out by an iterative process that, by means of the Dempster-Shafer and the fuzzy integral theory, combines the information provided by the projection error and the connectivity between voxels. The performance of the proposed reconstruction method is evaluated by considering first the reconstruction of two 3-D binary databases from two orthogonal synthetized projections, obtaining errors as low as 6.48%. The method is then tested on real data, where two orthogonal preprocessed angiographic images are used for reconstruction. The performance of the technique, in this case, is assessed by means of the projection error, whose average for both views is 7.5%. The reconstruction method is also tested by performing the 3-D reconstruction of a ventriculographic sequence throughout an entire cardiac cycle.