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Bias-temperature instabilities of polysilicon gate HfO/sub 2/ MOSFETs

By: Nieh, R.E.; Young Hee Kim; Hag-Ju Cho; Chang Seok Kang; Rino Choi; Jeong Han; Onishi, K.; Lee, J.C.; Akbar, M.S.; Krishnan, S.A.;

2003 / IEEE


This item was taken from the IEEE Periodical ' Bias-temperature instabilities of polysilicon gate HfO/sub 2/ MOSFETs ' Bias-temperature instabilities (BTI) of HfO/sub 2/ metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) have been systematically studied for the first time. NMOS positive BTI (PBTI) exhibited a more significant V/sub t/ instability than that of PMOS negative BTI (NBTI), and limited the lifetime of HfO/sub 2/ MOSFETs. Although high-temperature forming gas annealing (HT-FGA) improved the interface quality by passivating the interfacial states with hydrogen, BTI behaviors were not strongly affected by the technique. Charge pumping measurements were extensively used to investigate the nature of the BTI degradation, and it was found that V/sub t/ degradation of NMOS PBTI was primarily caused by charge trapping in bulk HfO/sub 2/ rather than interfacial degradation. Deuterium (D/sub 2/) annealing was found to be an excellent technique to improve BTI immunity as well as to enhance the mobility of HfO/sub 2/ MOSFETs.