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A 256-Mb multilevel flash memory with 2-MB/s program rate for mass storage applications

By: Nakayama, T.; Kouro, Y.; Kanamitsu, M.; Kubono, S.; Miyamoto, N.; Kurata, H.; Koda, K.; Kume, H.; Nishimoto, T.; Kato, M.; Furusawa, K.; Yoshida, K.; Tsujikawa, T.; Kotani, H.; Nozoe, A.; Koyashi, K.; Ajika, N.; Hosogane, A.;

1999 / IEEE


This item was taken from the IEEE Periodical ' A 256-Mb multilevel flash memory with 2-MB/s program rate for mass storage applications ' A 256-Mb flash memory is fabricated with a 0.25-/spl mu/m AND-type memory cell and 2-bit/cell multilevel technique on a 138.6-mm/sup 2/ die. Parallel decoding of four memory threshold voltage levels to 2-bit logical values prevents throughput degradation due to multilevel operation. This parallel decoding has been achieved by sense latches and data latches connected to each bitline. Tight distribution of memory cell threshold voltage is essential to reliable multilevel operation. This chip has several measures to deal with the factors that widen the memory cell V/sub th/. The effect of adjacent memory cell's V/sub th/ is eliminated by using an AND-type flash memory cell. An initial distribution width of 0.1 V is achieved. The wordline voltage, which has negative temperature dependency, compensates the positive dependency of memory cell V/sub th/. In the -5-75/spl deg/C range, memory threshold V/sub th/ deviation is reduced from the conventional 0.19-0.07 V. Conventionally, the number of programs without erase operation per one sector is limited by the limitations from program disturb. This chip introduced a new rewrite scheme, and this limit is increased from the conventional 10-2048+64 times/sector.