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Electron beam characterization for a compact far-infrared free-electron laser

By: Pantell, R.H.; Wang, H.; Huang, Y.C.; Feinstein, J.; Lewellen, J.W.; Schmerge, J.F.;

1995 / IEEE


This item was taken from the IEEE Periodical ' Electron beam characterization for a compact far-infrared free-electron laser ' A compact, far-infrared free-electron laser (FIR-FEL) is operating at 85 /spl mu/m at Stanford University, where the electron beam is obtained from a 1 1/2 cell, thermionic RF (2.856 GHz) cavity gun. This gun was not designed for FEL operation, and under the condition at which it was intended to operate, with a peak acceleration gradient below 85 MV/m, it would not be suitable. We have explored new parameter ranges, and have found that at high peak gradients, from 100-140 MV/m, the gun will function satisfactorily as an FEL accelerator. For example, thirty-nine percent of the total gun current was transmitted through a 1% energy window at a beam energy of /spl gamma/=9.72. At /spl gamma/=9.56, a 304 mA macropulse current with an estimated rms micropulse length of 3.4 ps was obtained, and the normalized rms emittance was measured to be 11.6 /spl pi/-mm-mrad for the 1% energy-spread electrons, corresponding to a beam brightness of 2.3/spl times/10/sup 11/ A/m/sup 2/. For these parameters, the calculated small small-signal gain for our 0.5 m-long wiggler is 110% at a wavelength of 85 /spl mu/m. In this paper we characterize the electron beam from a 1 1/2 cell, thermionic cathode, RF cavity gun in a parameter range where it can be used as the accelerator for a far infrared FEL.<>