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Educational Anthropology -- Research Starters Education
By: Kretchmar, Jennifer;
2008 / EBSCO
The following article summarizes the academic discipline known as educational anthropology. Although the field was institutionalized and professionalized in the 1960s, it has roots in the broader discipline of anthropology, and thus dates back to the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Once the field solidified in the late twentieth century, practitioners distinguished their field from others by declaring their primary focus of study the transmission of culture through education, both formal and otherwise. In addition to bringing more awareness to the role culture plays in education, anthropologists also made significant contributions to the social sciences through innovations in methodology. Anthropologists are credited with the ethnographic approach to research, emphasizing the importance of 'the other' through comparative methods, and finding the 'unfamiliar and exotic' in the study of familiar cultures, even one's own.