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Admissions Policies -- Research Starters Education
By: Clapp, Marlene;
2008 / EBSCO
This article presents an overview and discussion of college and university admissions policies in the United States. American higher education began as mainly catering to an elite class of aspiring gentlemen. Over time, admissions policies at institutions, sometimes provoked by actions of the federal government and court cases, have moved towards serving a goal of universal access to American higher education. The land grant and coeducation movements, Title IX, and affirmative action programs are among various factors that have pushed universal access further along. Institutions have also recently established need-blind and score-optional admissions policies to work towards making higher education more accessible. According to some scholars, admissions policies like early admissions and legacy admissions may curtail accessibility.